Header-Ad

PHP,Joomla,WordPress & Linux based server management, error resolutions and fixing problems.

Monday, November 14, 2016

CSS Cross-browser min-width & max-width - Explained!

Using the "device" keyword targets physical dimension of the screen, not the width of the browser window.
For example:
@media only screen and (max-device-width: 480px) {
    /* STYLES HERE for DEVICES with physical max-screen width of 480px */
}
Versus
@media only screen and (max-width: 480px) {
    /* STYLES HERE for BROWSER WINDOWS with a max-width of 480px. 
       This will work on desktops when the window is narrowed.  */
}
I've found the best method is to write your default CSS for the older browsers, as older browsers including i.e. 5.5, 6, 7 and 8. Can't read @media. When I use @media I use it like this:
<style type="text/css">
    /* default styles here for older browsers. 
       I tend to go for a 600px - 960px width max but using percentages
    */
    @media only screen and (min-width:960px){
        /* styles for browsers larger than 960px; */
    }
    @media only screen and (min-width:1440px){
        /* styles for browsers larger than 1440px; */
    }
    @media only screen and (min-width:2000px){
        /* for sumo sized (mac) screens */
    }
    @media only screen and (max-device-width:480px){
       /* styles for mobile browsers smaller than 480px; (iPhone) */
    }
    @media only screen and (device-width:768px){
       /* default iPad screens */
    }
    /* different techniques for iPad screening */
    @media only screen and (min-device-width: 481px) and (max-device-width: 1024px) and (orientation:portrait) {
      /* For portrait layouts only */
    }

    @media only screen and (min-device-width: 481px) and (max-device-width: 1024px) and (orientation:landscape) {
      /* For landscape layouts only */
    }
</style>
But you can do whatever you like with your @media, This is just an example of what I've found best for me when building styles for all browsers.


Good Luck!